In order to diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome, there are many tests that your doctor may perform. This could include a physical exam, an x-ray, an electromyogram and a nerve conduction study. When the carpal tunnel syndrome is caught early and is not severe, non surgical means such as splinting and the administration of painkillers are sufficient to treat it. However if the disease is more advanced, surgery may be necessary. During the the surgery, a ligament will need to be cut to relieve pressure on the nerve. This ligament will slowly rebuild itself over time, allowing more room for the nerve naturally. There are two ways to do this, either via an endoscopic surgery or through an open surgery.
The exercises that are recommended for carpal tunnel syndrome is usually only for pain relief and not to treat the condition itself. These exercises include regular gentle rotations or the wrist and fingers and performing certain yoga positions. It is best however to engage the help of a professional therapist for your hand in order to avoid causing further injury to the area. Furthermore, to avoid further damage, you should make sure not to overuse the injured wrist. Take regular breaks from repetitious activities that involve the use of the affected wrist. A wrist splint at night also helps in keeping the area undisturbed while you sleep, and you should also adapt a sleeping position which avoids pressure being applied on the affected wrist.