Some risk factors of heart disease cannot be controlled. These include age, since older people would have hearts that will simply have the wear and tear from working over the years. Another uncontrollable risk factor would include gender, since men are more at risk for heart disease compared to women, higher than even as women have reached menopause (when women are more at risk compared to their child bearing years). Genetics is another factor since people who have a close relative who suffer from a heart disease are at a higher risk of getting it themselves.
Controllable risk factors are those that you can do something about. This includes modifying your lifestyle in order to avoid suffering from certain chronic conditions that can increase your risk of getting heart disease (i.e. high cholesterol, hypertension, diabetes). This includes eating a diet that includes more fruits and vegetables, getting more exercise, stopping smoking, keeping your weight within the normal range, and practicing good hygiene.
Stroke on the other hand is directly related to heart disease. Stroke happens when the supply of blood to the brain is disrupted, therefore depriving it of essential nutrients and oxygen. It is important to know about the risk factors for stroke because understanding it makes it easier to prevent. A stroke is a medical emergency that is best prevented than cured, because suffering from stroke could be a fatal event.
Risk factors for stroke include a family history of stroke, age, or having suffered previously from a transient ischemic attack (TIA). Other controllable risk factors include smoking, chronic conditions like high blood pressure and high blood cholesterol, diabetes, or obesity. Inactivity and the use of birth control pills that contain the hormone estrogen, illegal drugs and heavy drinking are also factors.
Stroke has a number of warning signs. People who are about to suffer from a stroke will usually have trouble with walking, speaking and understanding. You might be asking them something as simple as what the time is, and they might have a hard time formulating an answer. They may also experience paralysis on one side of the body, such as in the arm or the leg. They may also suffer from a severe headache or a sudden loss of vision in one eye or both eyes.
There are three types of stroke: a transient ischemic attack, a hemorrhagic stroke or an ischemic stroke. A TIA is also called a mini stroke because it displays the same symptoms of a stroke but the effects don’t last, usually only for around five minutes. However this also means that you have experienced a blockage and should immediately seek the help of a doctor in order to prevent another more serious attack. A hemorrhagic stroke is when a blood vessel in your brain ruptures caused by increased pressure (hypertension) or weakened blood vessels (aneurysm). Ischemic stroke on the other hand, is the most common form of stroke, occurring when the arteries become narrowed or blocked, restricting flow of blood to the brain. There are two types of ischemic strokes, thrombotic and embolic stroke. Thrombotic stroke is when a blood clot forms in the arteries supplying blood to the vein. An embolic stroke is caused by a clot that has formed in another part of the body (commonly in the heart), swept away by the blood to lodge into a vessel supplying blood to the brain.