Vasectomy is an outpatient procedure and serious complications are very rare. Some of the side effects immediately after the procedure can include swelling, the bruising of the scrotum, a blood clot in the scrotum, infection at the incision site and blood in the semen. Some complications can occur after some time including a buildup of fluid in the testicle which causes a dull ache that gets worse with ejaculation, swelling that’s caused by leaking sperm, some chronic pain. In very rare cases, a woman can still get pregnant from sexual intercourse with a man who’s had a vasectomy.
Many men obviously value their “family jewels”, and are afraid that a vasectomy will affect more than just their ability to reproduce. Here are some of the most common concerns for men:
A vasectomy will affect a man’s sexual performance. A vasectomy will not in any way affect your sexual performance, nor will it decrease your sex drive.
A vasectomy will damage the sexual organs. The sperm will be prevented from reaching a woman’s egg this is true—but as far as the testicles and the penis is concerned there will be no damage to these parts.
Fear of severe pain. During the surgery itself you will be under anesthesia so even though you may feel a bit of pulling and tugging, you will not feel severe pain. After surgery, the pain is a dull kind of pain that’s light to moderate, but is definitely bearable and goes away after a few days or weeks.
Fear of increased risk for cancers and heart problems. No scientific studies support a link between these conditions and vasectomy.
It is best to schedule a discussion with your doctor before going through a vasectomy. Your doctor will make sure that you are 100% sure in our decision since a vasectomy is considered permanent, therefore you need to be certain that you do not want children in the future. Also, he will take into account and discuss with you how your partner feels about it. If you are in any way uncertain, he will discuss other forms of birth control that is available to you apart from vasectomy.
During a vasectomy, the doctor will make an incision on the upper part of the scrotum and attempt to locate the tube which carries semen from the testicle. This tube is then brought out of the incision and cut then sealed through cauterization, surgical clips or through tying. The incision is then stitched up and the process repeated on the other side.
After surgery, a patient is advised to support the scrotum with bandage and a tight fitting underwear for at least 2 days to keep the incision site and the scrotum from being disturbed. You should also limit activity and for the most part rest for a few days to avoid bleeding. If there is swelling and pain, an ice pack may help relieve this. Bathing and swimming should also be avoided for a few days after the surgery, and sexual activity should also be avoided for a few weeks.