The more severe cases of hypertension will show symptoms like headaches, dizziness, fainting and nosebleed episodes. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to serious health concerns including heart attack and stroke, aneurysms (weakened and bulging blood vessels), heart failure, kidney problems, eye problems, metabolic problems and neurological and cognitive problems. It can also cause existing conditions like diabetes and heart disease to get worse, and can lead to complications and even death.
There are medications available to treat high blood pressure. These medications include thiazide diuretics or drugs that work on reducing blood volume to lessen pressure on blood vessels and arteries. Beta blockers are medications that allow the heart to beat slower and with less pressure, and these are usually taken along with thiazide diuretics. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (or more commonly known as ACE inhibitors) relaxes blood vessels by blocking the production of a naturally occurring chemical that causes blood vessels to contract. On the other hand, Angiotensin II receptor blockers work to block the action of the same chemicals. There are many other medicine and combinations that a doctor may prescribe, depending on the state of health of the patient.
It is also important to make some lifestyle changes in order to bring the blood pressure down in people diagnosed with hypertension. These include changes in diet, by eating more fruits and vegetables and cutting down on salt intake, regularly undertaking mild to moderate exercise, managing weight and quitting smoking.